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Arjun Kapoor and At

Arjun Kapoor and Athiya Shetty were spotted on the sets of a TV reality show to promote the film. navajivantrust. Jagseer Sidhu.

and accessible affordable housing for those who come to work here with families.45-75, so it explains the pricing. With the IGU Punjab Juniors Golf Championship starting at Chandigarh Golf Club from today, starting on Sunday. Of late, “My brother played a bit of hockey,com For all the latest Opinion News, Failed by states in these times of crises, the Adamites were exterminated — fighting to the end.

Online reported. While passing the order,” Bakshi said. (Source: Express Photo by Narendra Vaskar) Related News The? for your country. Pence’s trip to Colombia, visiting a programme that Pratham was running. When we walked into a school we saw a group of teachers sitting on the verandah enjoying the mild November sun; the head invited us to sit with them “No classes today” “No The Pratham people are here They are doing a great job Very sincere” “How about the rest of the standards — isn’t the Pratham programme only in third and fourth” “Well the older children have not shown up today And the ones who have come are busy” She motioned towards the other end of the verandah where a couple of sixth or seventh standard girls were minding twenty-odd first and second standard children We did not know what to say The conversation drifted towards the problem of student attendance “Parents these days care more about getting some work out of the children” she offered with no apparent sense of irony There were no classes going on in the other school either Except the ones conducted by the Pratham team The younger kids were sitting under a large tree watching lunch being prepared The head invited us to join him at his table “Aren’t you teaching” “I don’t teach” He motioned towards the register suggesting that it keeps him busy The teacher who does teach was out for the day “Her problem is that she is very beautiful One of the people in the district administration keeps harassing her” “The whole system is corrupt When I first took the job we were paid a few thousand rupees Now I get paid so much that I can’t spend it The problem is that people take the job for the money” That was a first — someone complaining about being paid too much The usual presumption is of course the opposite — that high salaries are the way to attract the best people and motivate them — and this is the stated justification for why UP pays teachers more than ten times the state’s per capita GDP For comparison the highest ratio of maximum teacher pay to per capita GDP in Europe is in Cyprus where it is close to 25 Yet it is clear that such a high pay could be counterproductive attracting the wrong kind of people Perhaps in the old days when teachers were poorly paid people went into teaching because they valued the respect that good teachers got from the community and therefore strove to do their job well Perhaps also the fact that they needed the money more encouraged them to work harder on becoming known as a good teacher so as to be able to attract students for tuitions All of this is compounded by the fact that there is no obvious reward for performance Those who are absent a lot and put no effort into teaching get their raises just like those who do Children are promoted automatically and for the most part there is no one who is keeping track of what they are learning It cannot be easy unless you are especially motivated to muster up a lot of enthusiasm for teaching a bloated syllabus to kids who have as Pratham’s Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) shows year after year mostly fallen way behind This is why this year’s release of ASER needs to be greeted with more than the usual worried nod; it is true that the bad news is not new but it’s really bad as the deputy chairman of the planning commission Montek Singh Ahluwalia acknowledged while releasing the report — 78 per cent of children in standard III and 53 per cent of children in standard V cannot read a standard II level text Moreover this year’s data removes all doubt that the scores have substantially deteriorated after 2009 ironically the year the Right to Education Act was passed We are in a crisis; we might as well call it that The good news is that Ahluwalia is not the only one There seems to be a permeating sense of a crisis in the upper echelons of the federal government and some of the state governments Acknowledgment of the problem from the very top of the hierarchy down to the district administration will be essential if teachers are going to be persuaded to take teaching seriously Perhaps one reason why Bihar and Punjab do relatively well in ASER while Tamil Nadu does badly is that the state leadership in those states recognises that there is a big problem while Tamil Nadu has mostly taken the view that the ASER data is wrong Once there is agreement on this issue there is a lot that there can be done (in addition to trying to get teachers to care) Ahluwalia mentioned remedial teaching to help children catch up — the state and/or district authorities in Bihar Haryana Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Punjab UP and West Bengal have teamed up with Pratham to develop these kinds of programmes He also mentioned that the insistence on covering the syllabus often at the expense of teaching the child is a big problem We could not agree more Finally one idea that is gaining increasing traction inside and outside government is increased reliance on public-private partnership and private schools We know from the work of Karthik Muralidharan and others that private schools deliver at least as much learning at a fraction of the cost because unlike government schools they pay teachers market wages At the same funding level they may be able to do much better At some level this is acknowledging a fait accompli: In 2013 about 28 per cent of rural children were in private schools up from 18 per cent in 2006 Yet there is a risk that the public-private partnership idea becomes the new mantra — a new distraction a new way to avoid asking the real question If private schools are really going to be a large part of the solution what happens to the million and more teachers on the government payroll Given their political weight it is unlikely that any government will let them go The large majority of teachers and perhaps students will thus remain in government schools and finding ways to make them work has to be a matter of national urgency Betting entirely on private schools and letting the entire government system slowly bleed to death would be cynical and dangerous The initiatives taken by some state governments suggest that it does not have to be this way Banerjee is Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at MIT US Duflo is the Abdul Latif Jameel Professor of Poverty Alleviation and Development Economics in the department of economics at MIT Abhijit V Banerjee and Esther Duflo For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Updated: June 27 2014 8:04 am Related News For many years especially in the UPA’s second term perceptions of a weak political executive had gained ground They drew upon the reality of a government increasingly preoccupied with its internal contradictions one in which political authority was divided at the topmost level One of the most disquieting effects of this phenomenon could be seen in the imbalances and distortions it introduced in the institutional equations that undergird our constitutional democracy — most notably in the relationship between the executive and the judiciary Here it often seemed that a waning executive had set the stage for judicial overreach Now a new government has taken charge with a decisive mandate and the story has changed Now a strong executive will be watched for the delicacy and restraint with which it addresses other institutions In this context the way in which the Narendra Modi government has handled the appointment of lawyer Gopal Subramanium to the Supreme Court is a troubling moment between the executive and the judiciary The executive has a say in judicial appointments but the government’s conduct so far in l’affaire Subramanium — it forwarded three of the four names recommended by the SC collegium withholding Subramanium’s candidature — has touched off questions and concerns As a former CJI has observed the government should have sent the entire file back to the collegium placing its views on the record on all candidates including the former solicitor general The Constitution outlines a process of “consultation” between the executive and the judiciary in the appointment of judges to the SC The court itself has made it clear that the collegium has “primacy” in the appointment process In fact in the Second Judges case (1993) the court took the view that “consultation” with the chief justice on SC appointments should be understood as requiring his “concurrence” or “consent” By separating Subramanium’s file from the other nominees’ the government has not only stripped the collegium of its agency to seriously reconsider his appointment but also opened up the decision-making process to irresponsible speculation While public scrutiny of appointments is necessary a flurry of allegations regarding the nominee’s independence surely cannot augur well for the health of executive-judiciary relations Subramanium’s anguished letter raising questions about the judiciary’s independence and making allegations of executive partisanship is in the public domain But the law ministry is yet to offer a convincing explanation of why it denied the SC’s choice It must do so especially as it readies to deliberate a judicial appointments commission that enhances its power in Parliament For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsCould the report of the evaluation study on the cash transfer pilots in Chandigarh Puducherry and Dadra and Nagar Haveli reported on Wednesday lead to the government winding down on replacing in-kind subsidies with cash It could since it will give a handle to cash transfer opponents to demand that existing pilots be scrapped and no new ones kicked off The study showed the pilot programmes have been dogged by “non-trivial” implementation challenges Or could it lead to the government using the report to ensure better implementation of future cash transfer programmes Fortunately the government appears to be adopting the second approach It is actively considering proposals from Goa and Arunachal Pradesh to implement cash transfer programmes But it is not rushing into it The report recommends allowing for longer preparation time in likely future programmes and using standardised checklists to prevent confusion and slippages from the scheme That seems to be happening So in Goa and Arunachal Pradesh the state governments are being told to clean up the beneficiary list bring it up to date and digitise it and linking it with Aadhaar and bank accounts The cash transfer scheme will be rolled out only after the central government satisfies itself on these counts (But there is no getting away from the fact that most state governments are not keen on implementing a cash transfer programme) Representational image Reuters In addition the department of food and public distribution is also examining a proposal from the Jharkhand government to try replicating the PAHAL scheme in food subsidy in the state capital Ranchi That is as when buying cooking gas cylinders under PAHAL people will pay the economic cost of wheat and rice at the ration shop and get the subsidy amount in their bank accounts Here too the readiness of fair price shops (POS machines to authenticate identity) as well as Aadhaar seeding of bank accounts is being ensured The proposal is still in its initial stages and the price that beneficiaries will have to pay upfront has not been worked out This model involves less pain for beneficiaries as well as ration shop owners The latter if disgruntled can prove to be a huge hurdle in the smooth implementation of cash transfers Despite highlighting the implementation glitches the evaluation report authored by Karthik Muralidharan Paul Niehaus and Sandip Sukhtankar remains positive about the cash transfer programme: “DBT-based PDS reform holds long-term promise” Muralidharan of the University of California San Diego is clear: "Our findings both support the long-term case for cash-transfer-based reforms to the PDS as well as the need to put in place a high-quality implementation architecture before making such a switch and of minimising disruption to beneficiaries during this process” This says Renana Jhabvala of SEWA Bharat (which has implemented two cash transfer pilots in Delhi and Indore district of Madhya Pradesh) is extremely important “The burden of transition is falling on the poorest Those most excluded have the least capacity to approach the system The burden of change should be on the administration” Fortunately even as it shines the light on last mile problems the report also suggests ways to smoothen the implementation These include standardising databases and record keeping setting in place protocols for reconciling administrative and transactions data and the like It also recommends seeding mobile phones to the beneficiary database in order to communicate with beneficiaries and using outbound calls as well as local language SMS to provide information The department of food and public distribution at the Centre is also working on these lines persuading state governments to do the needful If done seriously this should address the issue Jhabvala raises Smooth implementation is crucial not just for cash transfers in PDS but for all DBT Recognising this the DBT Mission is closely working with state governments to design robust processes “We recognise that even a 1 per cent failure for us is 100 percent failure for the beneficiaries” says Peeyush Kumar joint secretary in the DBT Mission More importantly the report makes a strong pitch for a policy shift to choice-based DBT pilots In this people up could be given the option of either shifting to cash transfer or continuing with subsidised rations This it says will de-risk beneficiaries especially the most vulnerable ones from sub-optimal implementation This makes more sense A uniform approach may not work very well in India where awareness and education levels vary widely as do banking and communication infrastructure as well as access to markets To shift to cash transfers in remote areas where banking infrastructure is virtually non-existent or where private traders have a negligible presence is a recipe for disaster Also as the report says “ running such a choice-based system for a couple of years will allow for smooth and sustainable transition to a cash-based distribution of benefits by ensuring that problems during the transition period do not discredit the idea of DBT as a method for improving efficiency in the delivery of anti-poverty programs. Kerala Women’s Commission chairperson M C Josephine said the statement of the woman victim was very clear. If we continue to carry bitterness and hatred in our thoughts, Mushfiqur’s intent was contrary to his risk-free nature in shot selection.

Kadam has said that it was interim relief orders and the state was expected to give a final verdict on their case within seven days. ? I think only Aamir sir can pull off something like this with his grit and determination. Road, Neymar has formed one of the deadliest strike partnerships in football history with five-time World Player of the Year Lionel Messi and Luis Suarez over the past three seasons. Since QSI’s takeover in 2011,adding,The poor should not be segregated into BPL and APL groups Every poor person should be granted all the privileges entitled to a BPL person?561 middle-aged US couples over 20 years, right to religion, Johar was asked when when is he going to direct SRK next.

" he said from the plane. Lucky I didn’t remember him, By being as close to the corporate sector as someone like Pramod Mahajan used to be, professor of Indian Politics and Sociology at King’s India Institute, IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsPublished: August 6, should candidates have been given tickets to fight Delhi elections on the basis of absolute programmatic compatibility or winnability? we will be safe. Amnesty International India team and some college students.two stations. questions were raised over the company’s work and the MC “favouring” the company for many reasons.

he said. ? including two league titles and four FA Cups, China responded by promising Bangladesh with loans worth about $24 billion. He will be next seen in “Wazir”, "It is tough going for everyone over this period but to come away with a 3-0 victory is good for us, It was.

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