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Swedish Navy spotted foreign sub last year-Dagens Nyheter

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today Swedish Navy spotted foreign sub last year-Dagens Nyheter February 26, 2016 Swedish Navy spotted foreign sub last year-Dagens Nyheter View post tag: Swedish Navy A Swedish Navy surface ship spotted a periscope of an unknown submarine during military exercises in Swedish waters last year, local news site Dagens Nyheter reported.The news caught international attention because it happened only half a year after the 2014 major submarine hunt in the Stockholm archipelago. The 2014 hunt did not manage to identify the submarine but most analysts suspected it to be of Russian origin.As for the 2015 incident, sailors assigned to a surface ship spotted a submarine periscope but did not undertake any actions as they only later realized that no Swedish submarine was scheduled to take part in the exercise.The spotting was classified as “probable submarine”, which is the second highest degree of certainty in the Swedish Navy.Since the 2014 incident, the Swedish Government has started upgrading its anti-submarine warfare capability by investing in surveillance boats, radars and anti-submarine missiles. Additionally, two Göteborg-class corvettes are being modified for anti-submarine warfare. Authorities Share this articlelast_img read more

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Interior Design Assistant Professor

first_imgMinimum Qualifications The interior design program is a four-year, professional degreeprogram that leads to a Bachelor of Science in Interior Designdegree. The program combines lecture and studio courses and is abalance of theoretical and pragmatic approaches with an emphasis onhands-on experiences in both labs and studios. Environmentalresponsibility in design is a focus of the program and is wovenholistically throughout the curriculum. The program is accreditedby the Council for Interior Design Accreditation ( CIDA ) and theNational Association of Schools of Art and Design ( NASAD ).The program has consistently earned top honors in national andinternational competitions such as the Eaton’s SOURCE Award and thePAVE retail competition. Students are required to complete aninternship between the third and fourth years, which often leads tofull-time employment. Alumni work in all aspects of the interiordesign industry—primarily in the Southeast and East Coast as wellas many other states and several countries. Interior Design atAppalachian State was recently ranked as a DesignIntelligence 2018“Top 25 Most Admired” program. The report recognized the programamong the top ten in the nation in three of the “12 Focus Areas”:Project Planning and Management, Practice Management, andSustainable Built Environments/ Adaptive Design/ResilientDesign.The Department of Applied Design, offers three NASAD accreditedundergraduate majors with 500 students: Apparel Design andMerchandising, Industrial Design with concentrations in Furnitureand Product Design, and Interior Design. Applied Design includesdesign studios, 12,000 square feet of prototyping studios, computerlabs and designated classrooms. Applied Design’s 16 tenure-trackand full-time faculty focus on enhancing human experience throughdesign. Students acquire the skills necessary to envision solutionsfrom concept to prototypes through experiential learning. Studentsare required to complete one internship. Alumni occupy diverseprofessional positions. Appalachian State University, in North Carolina’s Blue RidgeMountains, prepares students to lead purposeful lives as globalcitizens who understand and engage their responsibilities increating a sustainable future for all. The transformationalAppalachian experience promotes a spirit of inclusion that bringspeople together in inspiring ways to acquire and create knowledge,to grow holistically, to act with passion and determination, andembrace diversity and difference. As one of 17 campuses in theUniversity of North Carolina system, Appalachian enrolls about20,000 students, has a low student-to-faculty ratio and offers morethan 150 undergraduate and graduate majors. Areas of Interest (No Minimum Level Required) Position TitleInterior Design Assistant Professor Description of the Department or Unit Physical Demands of Position Proficiency in the one or more of the following softwareprograms: 3D Studio Max, 20/20, V-ray, ProWalker GPU, SUPodium.Successful college/university teaching experience.NCIDQ certification, LEED and/or WELL accreditation.Engagement with the interior design profession and/orexperience in professional practice.Evidence of or potential for program or departmentadministration.Experience with CIDA accreditation review.Expertise in one or more of the following interior projectdesign types: Workplace, Healthcare and/or Education. N/A A complete application includes:1) A letter of application addressing duties andqualifications2) Philosophy of teaching statement3) Current vitae4) Copy of transcripts5) Complete contact information of three professionalreferences6) Portfolios of professional design work and student work fromclasses you have taught are required (not to exceed 9MB)7) A portfolio of scholarly/creative endeavors is recommendedPlease note this position is based on enrollment and subject toavailable funding. Quick Linkhttps://appstate.peopleadmin.com/postings/24187 License/Certification Required A demonstrated specialization in two or more of the followingareas: rapid visualization (digital and manual), design thinking,codes and standards, evidence-based design, design psychology,ergonomics, and human factors.Proficiency in the software programs: Autodesk Revit, AutodeskAutoCAD, Sketch-Up, MS Office Suite, and the Adobe CreativeSuite. Diversity and Inclusion at Appalachian Teach courses in the Interior Design program; participate inprogram development, CIDA accreditation, and departmental anduniversity committee work; advise students; produce an activeagenda of scholarly or creative work in the field of interiordesign; and develop and maintain high-quality studioresources.As a part of the COVID -19 response, Appalachian StateUniversity is employing flexible teaching formats to addressacademic needs and to comply with local, state and federal publichealth regulations or orders. Your deans retain the discretion toassign or reassign you to teach in either online or in-personformats during or after the COVID -19 pandemic, asnecessary. Essential Duties and Responsibilities Description of University DepartmentApplied Design – 265310 Appalachian State University is an Affirmative Action/EqualOpportunity Employer. The University does not discriminate inaccess to its educational programs and activities, or with respectto hiring or the terms and conditions of employment, on the basisof race, color, national origin, religion, sex, gender identity andexpression, political affiliation, age, disability, veteran status,genetic information or sexual orientation. Special Instructions to Applicants Candidates must possess a terminal degree in Interior Design or adesign-related discipline (Ph.D., MFA, M. Arch., or equivalent)with a minimum of one studio-based degree in InteriorDesign/Interior Architecture, and the followingqualifications: We at Appalachian State University are committed to diversity,equity, and inclusive excellence both locally and globally.We understand that the successful implementation of diversity,equity, and inclusive excellence is the responsibility of theentire university community, including alumni and officialuniversity governing bodies. A diverse campus community supports aninflux of broad and distinct ideas that increase learningopportunities and strengthen the impact of our community as we workcollectively to achieve a just experience for all.We actively encourage, support, and promote a global mindset and anequitable environment where all will know that they belong and aresafe to express their culture, identity, values, ideas, opinions,and creativity. We are committed to creating a culture of equityopportunity for all, one that has an expectation of fairness,justice, and equity-minded practice at all levels of the universitycommunity. AA/EEO Statement Position Number016531 Tenure StatusTenure Track Suggested Salary RangeSalary is competitive and commensurate with qualifications andexperience. Typical physical demands of a professional position at theuniversity.last_img read more

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Oxford Majlis Society returns

first_imgShahnur Chauhan, the elected secretary, told Cherwell: “Majlis represents a time when students from similar backgrounds discussed issues that mattered in an attempt to make a difference. An active committee member, Musty Kamal, told Cherwell: “The reason I was so eager to restart the society is because it is so important. “The platform is required because the problems may have changed but they certainly do exist.” Majlis played a role in the Indian independence movement and was investigated by the Home Office and Foreign Office for its associations with independence leaders such as Liaquat Ali Khan, one of the founding fathers of Pakistan. “With divisive rhetoric becoming commonplace in South Asia it is important that students at Oxford, who will be instrumental in shaping the region, build on our common values and common vision.” Despite a legacy of informed debate, the South Asian debating society fell into inactivity in recent decades, and efforts are now being realised. Srishti Arora, a member of the steering committee, told Cherwell: “Majlis is important to ensure that Oxford’s historic connection with South Asia is never forgotten, for the students to have a safe space to debate issues in South Asia and to promote unity between South Asian students.” Majlis played a role in the Indian independence movement and was investigated by the Home Office and Foreign Office for its associations with independence leaders such as Liaquat Ali Khan, one of the founding fathers of Pakistan. The society can also be seen to have influenced South Asian politics post-independence, with Benazir Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan, and Indira Gandhi, India’s first female Prime Minister, both members of the society. Rabii Malik, a second year studying PPE at St. Anne’s and the president of the Pakistan Society told Cherwell: “The revival of Majlis is a much-needed initiative empowering South Asians at Oxford and offering us a unique way. The Majlis was originally founded in 1896 as a debating society to campaign for Indian independence in the UK. The society was set up with a structure modelled on the Oxford Union and the Cambridge Majlis. Rabii Malik, a second year studying PPE at St. Anne’s and the president of the Pakistan Society told Cherwell: “The revival of Majlis is a much-needed initiative empowering South Asians at Oxford and offering us a unique way to stay in touch with our heritage.” After decades of inactivity, the Oxford Majlis Society has re-established its presence at the university, launching the Majlis Magazine and electing a new committee. The society can also be seen to have influenced South Asian politics post-independence, with Benazir Bhutto, the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan, and Indira Gandhi, India’s first female Prime Minister, both members of the society. The Majlis steering committee have launched a magazine, a series of debates and an active fundraising campaign in order to raise their profile. Musty Kamal has re-launched the Majilis Magazine this term.last_img read more

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A List Of $27 Million Dollars Of “Honorariums” That Hillary Clinton Received For Speeches…

first_imgFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare “IS IT TRUE” will be posted on this coming MONDAYTodays READERS POLL question is:  Are the speeches given by Hillary Clinton over the last several years worth  $21.7 million dollars?Please take time and read our newest feature articles entitled “BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS” and “LOCAL SPORTS” posted in our sections.If you would like to advertise in the CCO please contact us City-County [email protected] County Observer has been serving our community for 15 years.Copyright 2015 City County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistribute. Hillary Clinton Speeches 2013-2015_1EDITORS FOOTNOTES:  center_img POSTED BELOW IS A LIST OF  $27 Million Dollars Worth Of “HONORARIUMS”  THAT HILLARY CLINTON RECEIVED FROM SPEECHES OVER THE LAST SEVERAL YEARS LAST SATURDAYS OUOTES FROM THE WASHINGTON POST ARTICLELast Saturday the Washington Post run an article on this issue stating the following; “Clinton, for instance, described her free-trade ambitions during a 2013 appearance before an Italian banking group. Records show the group, Itaú BBA USA Securities, paid her $225,000”.“Clinton, who was paid more than $20 million for speeches between 2013 and 2015, had said she would “look into” releasing the transcripts — but she never has indicated any plans to do so. While Clinton has attacked Trump for refusing to release his tax returns, some critics have pointed to the speeches by Clinton as evidence that she, too, has not been fully transparent with voters.“My dream is a hemispheric common market, with open trade and open borders,” she said, according to an email first reported by BuzzFeed.Over the last several weeks  a local TV station have been running an ad claiming that Hillary Clinton has received about $22 Million Dollars in “Honorariums” for speeches she given over the last several years.The national main stream media is seemly going nuts that Hillary Clinton took three big paychecks for speeches giving to a gathering at Goldman Sachs.At $225,000 a pop.It looks like the television ads placed in the local TV station may be accurate.  It looks like that Hillary Clinton have been extremely busy raking in millions of dollars in “Honorariums”  for speeches given since she left her post as Secretary of State. When asked about the“Honorariums” by the media she received for speeches he made during the last several years her responses extremely interesting.  It varies from “It’s what they offered me” to the hilarious “I happen to think we need more conversations about what’s going on in the world.”Pricey “conversations” indeed?Attached is a list of speeches for pay that HILLARY CLINTON has given during the past several years. The Grand Total is  $21.7 Million Dollars.last_img read more

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Russ Randolph Will Leave BoomBox In 2017, Band Will Continue With New Lineup

first_imgBoomBox has announced that they’ll be making a lineup change in 2017. Group co-founder Russ Randolph will leave the band after 13 years to pursue a solo DJ career. Zion Godchaux will continue making music under the BoomBox moniker with new member Heath Bennet. The band has explained that it’s an “amicable separation”, and that “you’ll still be hearing the songs that we’ve come to know and love at the shows.” Read the full statements below, announced on the band’s Facebook page this morning.To all of our friends, family and supporters, BoomBox and Russ Randolph will be parting ways. The amicable separation is in no way a dissolution but rather the opening of a new chapter for BoomBox moving forward. Russ Randolph’s last show with BoomBox will be in Denver, Colorado at The Gothic Theatre on December 31st 2016.Zion Godchaux will continue on with BoomBox and see to it that the sound will remain true to its roots while actively evolving into the future.Russ Randolph will be pursuing a solo DJ project, as well as continuing with his studio work and production of other bands in Muscle Shoals, AL.Joining BoomBox will be Heath Bennett. He and Zion have already been hard at work in the studio preparing new BoomBox tracks for release and the live show. Stay tuned for 2017 Winter Tour announcements and new music release dates in the following weeks and as always, peace, love and funkiness people!Godchaux then took toe the band’s page to personally deliver a message to reassure worried fans that the band would continue:Hi folks .. Zion here….i just want you to to know that I’m not just the guitarist and singer for BoomBox. I have been behind every single track that we’ve done. Barring a remix or 2 , not only did I write the tracks, I was behind the bulk of the initial production . You’ll still be hearing the songs that we’ve come to know and love at the shows, along with many more in the not to distant future…I’m not wanting to make a big deal here, I just love you all and want you to know it’s gonna be ok….ZRYou’ll still have a few chances to catch the band before their lineup changes up, as still have five shows left together. The band will hit The Barkley Ballroom in Frisco, CO for a two-night run, before bringing 2016 to a close with a three-night New Year’s Eve run at the Gothic Theatre. You can buy tickets to the 29th, 30th, and 31st at these links.last_img read more

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Test

first_imgOn June 1st and 2nd, Purple Hatter’s Ball will return once again to the Spirit of Suwannee Park in Live Oak, Florida, for the eleventh straight year benefitting the Rachel Morningstar Foundation. After announcing the festival’s lineup in March, fans have eagerly been awaiting this latest edition of the festival, which features sets by Lettuce, Spafford, Breaking Biscuits, Toubab Krewe, The Heavy Pets, Roosevelt Collier Trio, Southern Avenue, and more.However, music is not the only thing that draws fans to the Suwannee for Purple Hatter’s Ball, as the festival has an extensive and diverse listing of yoga, arts, and other activities scheduled across the weekend. On Friday, Purple Hatter’s Ball will host Vinyasa yoga flow, zen chakra purification, beginner’s hula hoop, intro to buugeng, Kirtan, and “Aupaya and the Magick”. Saturday will see workshops on exploring feminity through movement, organic farming, and the laws of attraction, plus a number of yoga, meditation, and acrobatics classes. To close out the weekend, on Sunday, Purple Hatter’s Ball will host “Transcendence Sound Healing” and “Stretching and Creative Movement” before the weekend wraps up in full.You can check out the full weekend’s schedule of activities at Purple Hatter’s Ball below, plus head here to see the full schedule of music happening this weekend at Spirit of Suwannee Park. Tickets for the two-day music and camping festival are on-sale now and can be purchased on the event’s website here.last_img read more

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Nurturing the seeds of innovation

first_imgIn business, one well-prepared conversation can change everything.Rebecca Kantar ’14 knows how that works. During a trip to Silicon Valley with other Harvard students, she sat down with a mentor to get advice on her young start-up, BrightCo.She left that meeting with a verbal commitment for seed funding.“I was in shock when I got back to the bus,” she recalls with a laugh.Serendipity will always play a role in entrepreneurship, but it takes far more than a fortuitous meeting to translate an idea into reality. For Kantar, that one moment was backed by months of network building, ideation, and careful pitch preparation.Here in Cambridge, an ever-expanding web of support, through teaching and advising, is helping students create new networks, gain hands-on experience, and ultimately make a difference in the world.“In entrepreneurship, if you learn the process it doesn’t guarantee that you’ll succeed,” explains Fawwaz Habbal, executive dean for education and research at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). “But is it possible for me to help you through education to do extremely well? I think the answer is yes.”That education starts in the classroom. Through hands-on courses that tackle real, challenging problems — like designing medical devices, using apps to combat gang violence, or enhancing sustainability on campus — students gain a rigorous exposure to the engineering design process.“What these courses teach is extremely important; it’s how we generate ideas,” says Habbal. “It’s not sitting under a tree and waiting for an apple to fall on your head — that story is just not true. Newton spent 30 years working on that problem before it came to him, and Einstein did not simply come up with his ideas while he was an attorney reading patents.”Increasingly, too, the engineering community at Harvard is blurring the lines between the classroom and the “real world,” teaching and supporting the design process from idea to implementation. In most high schools (and many universities), what happens in the classroom stays in the classroom. That’s not the case at SEAS, as freshmen soon find out.Zachary Hamed ’14, for instance, took CS 50, SEAS’s introductory computer science course, in fall 2010 and developed Aid Aide as his final project. The website, reminiscent of tax software, was designed to help prospective college students navigate the federal applications for financial aid.During the winter, Hamed worked out some kinks in the project through Hack Harvard, a student group that collaborates on software and apps, receiving valuable feedback that helped him prepare for the Harvard College Innovation (I3) Challenge last spring. Aid Aide won at I3, and Hamed received the $10,000 McKinley Family Grant for Innovation and Entrepreneurial Leadership in a Social Enterprise.Meanwhile, Hack Harvard had connected Hamed with a business mentor, Andrew Rosenthal, a founder of Startup Tribe at Harvard Business School (HBS).“He’s an email away from a chat over coffee,” says Hamed, who is a computer science concentrator at SEAS. “He’s invaluable for connecting with HBS. He knows exactly who to talk to.”That relationship proved critical when Hamed discovered, last summer, that another company was developing a financial aid website in the same niche as his own. With Rosenthal’s help, he met with the other company’s venture capitalists, considered moving out to Silicon Valley to join them, and eventually arranged a deal to merge the two projects —a decision which allowed him to return to school at Harvard in the fall.The bond between Harvard and Silicon Valley is a close one. The region is home to a powerful network of alumni willing to offer mentorship to students and recent graduates who are dreaming big. Taking advantage of that network, SEAS and HBS recently came together to organize the trip to Palo Alto over winter break.Led by SEAS’s Habbal and HBS’s Tom Eisenmann, in concert with the Harvard Innovation Lab, the January Silicon Valley trip was a whirlwind tour. In just one week, 36 undergraduate and graduate students visited 14 technology companies, five venture capital firms, Stanford University’s design school, and still found time for nine expert presentations and panel discussions, as well as meetings with mentors and alumni.“Silicon Valley” these days is a misnomer, as the region is no longer dominated by electronics manufacturers. The industry has also shifted away from the purely commercial “dot-com” companies that flourished 10 to 15 years ago. Today, Silicon Valley is synonymous with Web services like Facebook, Twitter, Yelp, Taskrabbit, and Cloudflare.“That industry is bringing a lot of talent to Silicon Valley, and a very different type of talent than it was in the early 2000s,” says Habbal. “Our students in general are extremely well-equipped to do a lot of it, both in engineering and on the business side.”Lauren Dai ’13, for example, grew up with a flair for business. As a kid, she would convince her friends to help set up garage sales at her house, and in her teens she started a tutoring business.“Those little things add up, and then you figure out you really like doing this,” she says.An economics concentrator at Harvard, Dai has co-founded the Cabot Entrepreneurship Series, which brings faculty and alumni to Cabot House as occasional speakers. Last year, she also served on the executive board of Harvard Undergraduate Women in Business, raising more than $120,000 as the club’s fundraising chair. She’s now responsible for cultivating mentoring relationships with the group’s alumnae and advisory board.Like many others, Dai took CS 50 and has found that the trip to Silicon Valley has further solidified her interest in technology entrepreneurship as a career.“I had thought … that it really takes someone with a good idea — the Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg-type person — and because they have such a good idea, they’re going to drop out of college and start their own company,” she says. “But the majority of the entrepreneurs that I’ve met are not that type of person. It’s just that they’re very driven and passionate about running businesses.”“I really like the concept of having your own ‘baby’ to grow,” Dai adds, “and it’s not really as much of a risk as people make it out to be.”Of course, entrepreneurship does carry a certain amount of risk. Does chance favor the prepared mind, as Louis Pasteur once said?Pondering this, Habbal recalls the student conversations he overheard on the bus rides between company visits in Silicon Valley:“They started to think about their own potential businesses,” he says, “and when somebody suggested an idea, someone else would say, ‘But remember, that happened there, and it didn’t work.’”For students like Dai and Hamed, Harvard provides an invaluable playground for experimentation and learning from trial and error. Between the Technology and Entrepreneurship Center at Harvard, the I3 Challenge, Hack Harvard, the President’s Challenge, and the Experiment Fund, the resources that support innovation right here in Cambridge are almost endless.“We’re creating a generation of people who can deal with things beyond the classroom, whether it’s in doing design or trying to put it to work, to engage with the world,” says Habbal. “That’s extremely importantlast_img read more

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Dana-Farber to test blood cancer drug in COVID-19 patients

first_imgScientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute are participating as lead investigators in a clinical test of a blood cancer drug in patients infected with the COVID-19 virus. The test follows several case reports indicating that the drug, ibrutinib, may protect against lung damage and respiratory distress caused by the virus.The goal of the randomized trial is to determine if treatment with ibrutinib, compared with standard supportive care, can reduce patients’ need for supplemental oxygen — including mechanical ventilation — shorten hospital stays, and improve survival.“This could be an important development if you consider that most admissions to hospitals for COVID-19 are because of breathing problems, and many of these patients require mechanical ventilation,” said Steven Treon, principal investigator of the trial, and a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Bing Center for Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia (WM) at Dana-Farber.Ibrutinib is an oral drug used to treat several B-cell malignancies and chronic graft-versus-host disease. Treon and colleagues recently published in Blood a report on six Waldenström’s patients who had been taking ibrutinib for several years and who had recently contracted COVID-19. All the patients experienced cough and fever. Five of the patients, who were taking a standard dose of ibrutinib, had no shortness of breath, did not need to be hospitalized, and steadily improved.The sixth patient, who had been taking a lower dose of ibrutinib because of side effects, experienced worsening symptoms of shortness of breath and initially was taken off ibrutinib and treated with other drugs. After 10 days he was placed on a ventilator, and doctors decided to re-start ibrutinib at the standard dose the other patients had been taking. He rapidly improved, was removed from the ventilator, and on day 14 was discharged from the hospital to his home, where he continues to do well on the standard dose of ibrutinib. “These experiences have given us the inspiration to do prospective randomized trials of ibrutinib and a similar drug, zanubrutinib in COVID-19 patients in respiratory distress,” said Treon.The rationale for testing ibrutinib in COVID-19 patients, beyond the observed results reported in Waldenström’s patients, stems from the drug’s targeting of molecular pathways that are overactive both in Waldenström’s — where it affects the bone marrow – and in the lungs of COVID-19 patients. The pathway involves signaling through what are known as Toll receptors. The COVID-19 virus binds to ACE2 receptors that are highly expressed on Alveolar Type II (ATII) cells in the lung, which express Toll receptors and can trigger the release of chemicals known as cytokines that promote inflammation and damage to lung cells.Ibrutinib binds to and blocks the action of BTK, an enzyme found in immune cells, and which signals down a molecular pathway known as MYD88 to release cytokines that attract inflammatory cells that damage the lung and cause pulmonary failure. “We also know from mouse studies that giving ibrutinib protects against lethal viral infection that targets the lung,” said Treon. “This is why we are have worked with the AbbVie team to initiate this randomized trial comparing ibrutinib and supportive care versus supportive care with placebo.”Co-investigators on the trial are Robert Soiffer, Francisco Marty, and Jorge Castillo, MD, of Dana-Farber. Dana-Farber will collaborate with the study sponsor to carry out corollary studies to understand how the immune system functions in COVID-19 patients and how the addition of BTK-inhibitors can stop immune over-activity in response to the virus.The ibrutinib trial, involving 46 patients, will be done at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Other study centers nationwide will also be involved.Treon noted that 180,000 patients have received ibrutinib for blood cancers, some of them for many years, and has a well-established safety profile.The safety and efficacy of ibrutinib for the treatment of COVID-19-related respiratory disease has not been established and there is insufficient evidence at this time to support the use of ibrutinib outside of a well-designed, controlled clinical trial setting, where the safety and efficacy of ibrutinib in COVID-19 patients can be closely monitored.The study is funded and sponsored by AbbVie. Treon has received research funding and /or consulting fees from Pharmacyclics a division of AbbVie, Janssen Research & Development, LLC, Beigene, and LOXO Pharmaceuticals. The research is being supported in part by gifts from Mary Kitchen and Jon Orszag, Timothy and Virginia Bliss, and Christine and Reece Duca. Read Full Storylast_img read more

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Combat Divers’ Group: The Brazilian Navy’s Elite Unit

first_imgBy Marcos Ommati/Diálogo January 21, 2019 The Brazilian Navy’s (MB, in Portuguese) Combat Divers’ Group (GRUMEC, in Portuguese) was created in 1964, and gradually evolved while combining two different operational concepts: the U.S., based on beach obstacle demolition to support amphibious operations, and the French, focused on operations to sabotage enemy vessels. This led the unit to develop their own doctrine to align with national and international scenarios, particularly those of a naval character. Diálogo spoke with MB Commander Michael Vinicius Aguiar, GRUMEC commander, to learn more about MB’s special operations unit. Diálogo: Is GRUMEC MB’s only special operations unit? MB Commander Michael Vinicius Aguiar, commander of the Combat Divers Group: Of the Navy Fleet, yes. There are two different special operations units under MB: GRUMEC, which is part of the Brazilian Navy Fleet, subordinated to the Submarine Force Command, and the Tonelero Battalion, from which amphibious commands deploy, which is the Marine Corps special operations unit, under MB, with tasks different from ours. Diálogo: How did you become aware of combat diving in the Navy and when can an MB officer volunteer to join the Combat Divers course? Cmdr. Aguiar: I became aware of combat diving when I was in my third year of Naval School [MB’s secondary school located in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro] in 1992. Combat divers often train in the waters of Angra dos Reis, mainly for specialized aquatic training, such as special operations diving, since the Naval School typically serves as the support base for special operations teams who train there. Seeing that small group, all in black, carrying a lot of equipment, weapons and explosives, closed and semi-closed-circuit diving equipment, sparked my interest at the time. A young person, between 15 and 17 years old, with many dreams and expectations can easily become enthusiastic. This is when I started to learn about and research combat diving. Officers who wish to volunteer for the Combat Divers Course choose to do so at the beginning of their careers, right after completing the Naval College [MB’s undergraduate institution to train officers, located in Rio de Janeiro]. Diálogo: How long is the Combat Divers Course and what is the typical officer’s rank at the beginning of their training? Cmdr. Aguiar: This course lasts about nine months. We joke that it’s the length of a pregnancy. Currently, the candidate starts the course as a second lieutenant, but in my time, almost 20 years ago, we took the course as first lieutenants, because at the end of the midshipman instructional cruise, [a six-month trip MB officers who complete the Naval College carry out in the training ship Brasil, with stops in many countries], we still had to deploy and serve on Navy ships for two years, before beginning the Combat Divers Course. This two-year deployment was a career requirement to join the course. Only at the end of those two years as a second lieutenant could we be promoted to first lieutenant. Those who passed the screening tests—which consisted of psychometric, health, and physical aptitude tests—would be automatically enrolled in the course. Over the past few years, due to the need to increase personnel, naval administration changed the career plan for officers, cutting down the two-year deployment period on ships to a single year, which allowed us to admit more volunteers to the course, since officers can start at a younger age. Diálogo: How did it benefit MB? Cmdr. Aguiar: The big gain is that now we can recruit younger officers. The younger, the better, since this activity requires health, dedication, determination, and physical endurance. This way, the majority of volunteer officers start the Combat Divers Course as second lieutenants, which brought us numerous benefits, such as an increase in personnel and operational life of the activity. Diálogo: Can the 18 year olds who serve their compulsory military service apply for the course, as noncommissioned officers (NCOs)? Cmdr. Aguiar: No. The volunteers must be non-temporary officers or NCOs from the Brazilian Navy, in other words, recruits are not allowed to apply for the Combat Divers Course. NCOs must be corporals or sergeants from the Brazilian Navy. Our training is very technical, specific, confidential, and specialized. We cannot provide super-specialized training to a service member who isn’t committed or who doesn’t have career ties to the Navy, since upon leaving the institution they could apply the acquired knowledge in other areas, including criminal activities. Diálogo: What are the determining factors to deem an operation special? Cmdr. Aguiar: Basically, these operations are conducted by selected personnel who are physically and psychologically very well-trained, applying non-conventional actions and methods to destroy and damage specific targets of strategic interest. They are typically conducted to capture and rescue personnel and equipment. Normally, these are limited-time operations, characterized by confidentiality, fast action, the element of surprise, and aggressiveness, and involve complex high-risk activities. Diálogo: What’s the difference between a search and a rescue activity? Cmdr. Aguiar: Special operations units don’t conduct search activities. There is a clear difference between conducting a search and a rescue. Combat divers are equipped to rescue hostages, such as war prisoners in enemy territories. Confidentiality is required during such hostage-rescue missions, as well as fast actions, the element of surprise, and aggressiveness against the enemy. In turn, search activities rest on units who conduct search and rescue of survivors of aerial or maritime disasters, for example. These are administrative search-and-rescue operations to save humans or even equipment, if needed, depending on the circumstances. Diálogo: Does GRUMEC’s mission require a vessel? Cmdr. Aguiar: Not necessarily. We can deploy in various ways, such as with rotary-wing aircraft (helicopters) and fixed-wing aircraft (planes), submarines, mini submarines, kayaks, diving, militarized or non-militarized vehicles, or even in solely ground operations, via patrol, thus vessels aren’t always required. The characteristics and traits of the task assigned will define the resources GRUMEC will use. Diálogo: What was GRUMEC’s role in security operations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympic Games? Cmdr. Aguiar: GRUMEC conducted special reconnaissance, monitoring, and counterterrorism tasks, which are intrinsic to our activities. GRUMEC has a specialized tactical team to conduct counterterrorism activities, known as the Special Rescue and Recovery Group. We deployed during the major events, along with other special operations units from the Armed Forces and other public security agencies, such as the Federal Police, Military Police, and Civil Police. Diálogo: So GRUMEC would only respond to an actual terror attack? Cmdr. Aguiar: Yes, exactly. In the case of any terror attack or attempt to put people or facilities at risk, GRUMEC would be immediately ready for action, as well as the other special operations units that participated in the major events. Diálogo: What was the main lesson learned from the major events? Cmdr. Aguiar: The interoperability between participating teams. It was very important because we were able to participate jointly at all levels with the other deployed forces in the events, right from the start, with the planning and preparation phases. We learned how other tactical teams deploy and what their capabilities and limitations are, and how they prepare and train. We became familiar with their modus operandi, equipment and weapons, which helped with planning and integration during major events. Everyone learned a lot, and this experience was very beneficial. We got to know one another better.last_img read more

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Cost of funds for credit unions about to rise

first_imgDepository institutions need to plan for higher cost of funds, as higher interest rates cause depositors to shift higher yielding deposit accounts.Most Federal Reserve watchers anticipated that the Federal Open Market Committee will raise its target federal funds rate in the fourth quarter and continue to raise rates during 2018 and 2019. The federal funds rate will rise from 1.4 percent at the end of 2017 to 2.7 percent at the end of 2019.The following graph shows the median projected federal funds rate for the years of 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020. continue reading » 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img

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